Francisco de Goya
Francisco de Goya counts among the most important Spanish painters and graphic artists of the 18th and 19th century. After Francisco de Goya - who was also active as court painter - had achieved excellent reputation with religious and historic subjects, as well as with tapestry designs and portraits, he increasingly turned to socio-critical and political issues, which would manifest his outstanding rank in art history. Among Francisco de Goya's most famous works are painting like "The Third of May 1808" (1814) and "Saturn Devours His Son" (around 1821), which are characterized by an earthen coloring, a poised stroke of the brush and their haunting imagery. "Los Caprichos" and "The Disasters of War" ("Los Desastres de la Guerra") are the most famous series of etchings by Francisco de Goya, who, on the one hand captured fantastic dream-like scenes in these works, and, on the other hand made oppressive and unsparing socio-critical pictures as a chronicler of his days. Francisco de Goya's masterpieces were in the focus of uncountable exhibitions and can be admired in the world's most renowned collections, such as the Prado in Madrid.